Project: Cities and urban planning

 Project: Urban planning and cities (UNIT 3)

This project consists in analysing a city over time. From the past to current days and the new challenges or the future. The cities you are going to work on are Cairo, Marrakesh, Istanbul, Shanghai, Sao Paolo, New York, New Orleans, Frankfurt, Edinburgh, Paris, Rome, Athens, Amsterdam, New Delhi, Barcelona, Tokyo.
In pairs, you will work on one city. I´ll assign the city to every group and the instructions.

Pg. 58 Analysing an urban plan and the following steps:

1Location. Where the city is.

2Morphology. Historical evolution. Types of plans: Radial, linear, grid, irregular, etc.(linked to point n. 4)

3 – Urban structure. How the city is organised and distributed according to the different uses. Economic activities (CBD), historic centre (tourism, administration, cultural, commercial), ensanche, outskirts, industrial uses, housing-residential, green spaces, leisure- recreational centres, etc.

4 – Types of cities. Related to their origin and evolution over time: Antiquity, Medieval, Modern Age, Industrial or Modern cities. This can be seen according to its urban planning.

5 – Statistics. Inhabitants, Population density, Economic activities, services, etc.

6 – Urban plans: Irregular, Radial, linear, Grid. (linked to the types and morphology. History of the city).

7 – Urban Hierarchy. What is a metropolis? What is a conurbation? What is a metropolitan area?
Examples of each one. The city you are working on is an example of what Metropolis?

  • World metropolises
  • National metropolises
  • Regional metropolises
  • Small-medium sized cities.

8- Urban planning. Analysing cities on Google Maps. Mark the different areas (historical centre, CDB, Housing, Industrial areas, outskirts, slums, etc. Follow the instructions that appear in the book

9 – Advantages and disadvantages. The challenges for the future. New policies. Green cities. Growth vs. Sustainability. Developed vs. developing countries Cities. What are the most polluted? Why?

  • Pollution.
  • Transport (communication networks: Railway, Highways, cycle lane, etc.)
  • Integration (New inhabitants that migrate from rural areas, abroad, etc.)
  • Waste (rubbish, waste, how to manage it)
  • Slums (poverty and social differences. Consequences)
  • Energy (Renewable vs. Fossil fuel)
  • Water (stress water. Demand of water and scarcity)

10- Conclusions. The future: Sustainability. Green cities, renewable energies, recycling policies, ecology, etc.

11- Read and think. Pg. 62.  Answer the questions of the book´s activity. The Tokaido megalopolis.

Say the similar examples existing in Europe of big cities, megalopolis (more than 10 million inhabitants)
Name the 29 megacities that exist in the World and the inhabitants.

 Mandatory instructions:

You will need access to Google Maps or similar in order to locate the cities and mark the different parts of the urban planning.

You have to include different cartography (plan, maps), pictures, photographies (aerial, etc.), graphs, statistics (number of inhabitants, how the city has grown, etc), in order to explain how the city has evolved over time, and make the explanation of the cities´ evolution more visual and graphical, not only written.

You can consult different World Atlas or Index (statistical) to find out the population, density, etc.

Resources: Index (by countries/ cities)


  1 2 3 4
Instructions Given
1 2 3 4


Includes little essential information of the city selected. Includes some essential information with little information about the city and few facts. Includes essential information with most sources properly cited. Includes enough elaboration to give readers an understanding of the topic. Covers topic completely and in depth. Includes properly cited sources and complete information. Encourages readers to know more.
Accuracy I have made several mistakes and not included all the content or not correctly, nor the evolution, planning, issues, etc. I have made some mistakes in the dates, evolution, planning,  description, issues not covered  etc. I have made few mistakes (1-2) in the explanation,  description of places, evolution, names, stats, etc. I have made no mistakes in the content and the information explained.
English Includes more than 10 grammatical errors, misspellings, punctuation errors, etc. Includes up to 10 grammatical errors, misspellings, punctuation errors, etc. Includes up to 5 grammatical errors, misspellings, punctuation errors, etc. Grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization are correct. No errors in the text.
Creativity Includes only text and 1-2 images of the places represented. Not using ICT. Includes some links to the information. But only answer the question proposed with few images. Scarce ICT. Includes profuse information with enough pictures, images, maps, etc ., and enough links/resources. ICT used in an original way.  Search some new resources/information Includes original content, furthermore, the requested. Use of  ICT with links to new websites, etc. Also include images, charts,  maps, etc., and several links/resources.
Instructions Given I follow only some of the steps I´ve been given (Less than 5) I follow the instructions barely (5/7). Not all the questions and instructions I´ve been given. I follow most part of the instructions and resources given. I follow all the questions given



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